Within a year, the United States had helped establish a new anti-communist government in South Vietnam and began giving it financial and military assistance, the first fateful steps toward even greater U.
First, the Chinese, Soviet, and Viet Minh delegations were in constant touch, as reported by their news agencies. Nong Kimny said his Government would oppose the neutralization and demilitarization of the country; Dulles replied that hopefully Cambodia would become a member of the collective security arrangement envisaged in American-British plans.
But what needs to be pointed out is that the accords themselves did not further that intent. Others argue that over one million people moved south, while over a hundred thousand moved North.
The first agenda item was the Korean question to be followed by Indochina. Until Korea had been occupied by the Japanese. Even though the Viet Minh were making demands that the French, Cambodians, and Laotians could not accept, the debate was narrowing to specifics. Both China and the Soviet Union, for their own strategic reasons, refused to back the Viet Minh claim to govern all of Vietnam.
As the French sought to consolidate in northern Vietnam, the Viet Minh pressed the attack, moving several battalions eastward from Dienbienphu. The United States, Dulles wrote, was "not prepared at the present time to give any commitment that it will intervene in the war if the Geneva Conference fails It is necessary that the Holy Seeby its own mouvement, give pastors to these Oriental regions where Christians multiply in a marvelous way, lest, without bishops, these men die without sacrament and manifestly risk damnation.
The United States does have pretty considerable interests in the Western Pacific, and there are some solutions there which we would regard as so disadvantageous that we would seek to prevent them.
They took the position that even if elections could be held along democratic lines which they doubteda Communist victory would almost certainly result because of Communist territorial control, popular support, and superior tactics: In the next section, the focus is therefore on the practical effect of the Geneva accords, the expectations of the conferees concerning them, and the extent to which the major powers, in reaching a settlement, achieved the objectives they had set for themselves.
On all but one matter, now, the United States and France were in complete accord on a negotiating strategy. Dong implicitly rejected the idea of controlled disarmament, therefore, by placing the problem in the post- rather than pre-cease-fire period.
In the foreground, the North Vietnamese delegation. I was conscious that time was not on our side. Topping, as the Chinese must have expected, reported the conversation to the American delegation. In a report in early June to U. A joint US-French naval task force was assembled near Haiphong harbour, while US personnel and aid workers organised refugee camps, food and medical supplies in South Vietnam.
Under article 42, the rule of unanimity was to apply to "questions concerning violations, or threats of violations, which might lead to a resumption of hostilities," namely, a refusal to regroup is provided in the accords, or an armed violation by one party of the territory of the other.
Interestingly, Dulles states that the United States is not interested in actually sending troops to fight there at this time, but instead strives for solidarity against communism. Rather, the Administration apparently intended the statement as a warning to the Viet Minh that should they, within the two-year interval before general elections, "renew" what Washington and Saigon regarded as their "aggression" sincethe United States would be gravely concerned.
The Government concluded not that the goals it had set for a settlement were unrealistic, but rather that the only way to attain them, as the President and the JCS had been saying, was through decisive military victory in conformity with the original united action proposal of March Now, the French wanted to know if they could count on instant U.The Geneva Conference had created French goodwill for Moscow and added security for Peking; what might happen in South Vietnam may, inhave seemed inconsequential.
Viet Minh Objectives The Viet Minh did not emerge as. After France's attempted recolonization of Indochina was defeated in by the Viet Minh at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ, an agreement to temporarily partition Vietnam in two with a de-militarized zone between the two halves was reached at the Geneva Conference ().
The Vietnam War ostensibly began as a civil war between the. partition was effected at the Geneva Conference of Laos and Cambodia won independence, while two Vietnams emerged on either side of the 17th parallel: a tough Communist regime under Ho Chi Minh in the north, an unstable republic in the south.
Video: Impact of the Geneva Accords on Viet Minh Leadership The Geneva Accords left the Viet Minh with challenges and opportunities. Consider the new struggles that resulted following the ceasefire with the French in A conference that produced a set of documents that temporarily agreed to Partition Vietnam into two at the 17th Parallel, North and South Vietnam When and where the Geneva conference occurred Geneva Berlin, During the Geneva Peace Accords, under the pressure of the Cold War, Vietnam agreed to a temporary partition.
An election was planned forin order to reunify the country under a single government.Download