Prenatal sex determination and sex-selective abortion in rural central China. Whether such a view exists in the context of the values and morals of individual women or families is not a topic of this paper. Afterthe tools for restricting population size in China did not respect individuals, and at least in some places they were coercive.
Others question whether the morality of sex selective abortion is any different over morality of abortion when there is no risk to the mother nor to the fetus, and abortion is used as a means to end an unwanted pregnancy?
Previously, in Western countries, the concept of an "illegal" or "illegitimate" child was used. The immorality of prenatal sex selection has been questioned, with some arguments in favor of prenatal discrimination as more humane than postnatal discrimination by a family that does not want a female child.
Henan provincial rules and regulations on family planning. Li Y, Peng X. Some provinces fined women who did not undergo periodic pregnancy tests. The future population of China: Population targets, widespread family planning information, easily accessible services and increased sex ratios at birth, are not unique to China.
Decision on strengthening the family planning programm for strict control of population growth.
The maximum fine equals KV participated in interpretation the findings and writing the article. Family planning and reproductive health in China. Abortion law and practice in China: Reading "Family planning law". Family planning policy and practice in China: International Family Planning Perspectives.
Reproductive health rather than population control is promoted, as well as cooperation between the family planning system and the health sector. After the collapse, the birth sex ratios sharply climbed and have remained high for the last 20 years. Family planning circular of Reproduction is socially regulated through religion, morals, values, and laws.
Acknowledgements We thank Kaisa Rouvinen for her help in collecting Finnish data. Competing interests The author s declare that they have no competing interests. Mothers who face stricter restrictions and higher fines are more likely to have a son once they are facing possible punishment.
Ministry of public health. Circular on fetal sex testing and artificial insemination. The ACWF reported that approximately one-quarter of thedivorces registered each year were the result of family violence.
The current national population policy explicitly prohibits coercion [ 40 ].
First Impressions from the Census of China.The abortion rate among women in China is %, which far exceeds the average level of other developed nations; China and abortion the population of year-old young women, the abortion rate is 62%.
[xx] In Shanghai, Beijing and other large cities, the rate of repeat abortion is higher than 50%. Abortion in China is legal and is a government service available on request for women.
In theory this does not apply to sex-selective abortion, although this remains the basis for some women's requests. In addition to virtually universal access to contraception. Sex-selective abortion is the practice of terminating a pregnancy based upon the predicted sex of the infant.
The selective abortion of female fetuses is most common where male children are valued over female children, especially in parts of East Asia and South Asia (particularly in countries such as People's Republic of China, India and Pakistan), as.
Feb 01, · How China's One-Child Policy Led To Forced Abortions, 30 Million Bachelors Journalist Mei Fong tells Fresh Air that China's one-child policy drastically reshaped the country's demographic make-up.
Aug 11, · A comparison of China, where the state regulates who can be pregnant and, for example, Ireland, where the state regulates who can have an abortion shows how relative norms are in the area of reproduction [1,37]. The case of China leads us to believe that at the societal level there is no shared "world" view on the legal control of .Download